Sonntag, 18. März 2012


Ja zum Josef Hoffmann könnt ich was reinwursteln, schon vorfabriziert auf Neudeutsch... passt aber grad so gut zu dem vom vorherigen Post von wegen Entsorgung der alten Stilelemente und auf zu neuen Ufern...

Caberet Fledermaus Chair from the Miniatures Collection circa 1995-1996
Miniature Josef Hoffmann Cabaret Fledermaus Chair
miniature Cabaret 'Bat' chair

Around 1900, Viennese architects discovered a new means of expression in the bentwood technique. To them, the simple forms of classic bentwood furniture - a consequence of industrial production - anticipated the new aesthetic clarity they were promoting. 

Josef Hoffmann, Vienna's most versatile 20th-century architect, designed this chair in 1905 for the cabaret-cum-café "Fledermaus" on Kartnerstrasse in Vienna.Also referred to as the Cabaret “Bat” chair, the horseshoe-shaped runners are typical style elements of Hoffmann. Hoffmann strengthened the joints by adding highly decorative wooden spheres the size of golf balls. The original Cabaret Fledermaus was supplied in both white with black balls and vice versa for the public rooms of the Cabaret.

miniature Cabaret 'Bat' chair

Manufactured in a bent beech frame with moulded laminated wood seat and turned beech elements in mahogany stain and shellac varnish.

Critics of Hoffmann pointed out how uncomfortable the chair was to sit in. However, the design was popular and remained in production at Jacob & Josef Kohn until at least 1916. Manufacturers of the full-scale (1:1) chair -since 1972: Franz Wittmann, Austria.

Included in Vitra's original Miniatures Collection in 1992, number 4 to be added to the Collection. Retired in 2009.  

Sitzmaschine from the Miniatures Collection circa 1995-1996
Miniature Hoffmann Sitzmaschine
miniature Sitzmaschine

This armchair with adjustable back, called the Sitzmaschine or "machine for sitting," is acharacteristic Hoffmann design dating from c. 1905. It marries quality craftsmanship with simple functionalism. Its metaphoric name is derived from Le Corbusier's "Machine for Living."The Sitzmaschine was designed for the Purkersdorf Sanatorium in Vienna, the first major architectural commission for Hoffmann's design collaborative, the Wiener Werkstätte.

Miniature Sitzmaschine

With its grid of two vertical rows of open squares on the seat back, bentwood loops that form the armrests and legs, five open vertical rectangles and five open squares beneath each arm and the rows of five wooden balls on the adjustable back, the Sitzmaschine illustrates the fusion of decorative and structural elements typical of the Wiener Werkstätte style. It was made using bent beechwood and sycamore side and back panels, withmahogany stain and shellac varnish.

With its adjustable back, the Sitzmaschine is among the first manually adjustable reclining chairs in history. The back can be easily adjusted by moving the rod that fits between the knobs behind the armrests. This ball motif became a common element in Hoffmann’s designs for both furniture and metal ware; his constant use of squares and cubes earned him the nickname "Quadratl-Hoffmann" (little square Hoffmann).

The Sitzmaschine (model 670) was produced until 1916 by the Austrian firm Jacob & Josef KohnCurrent manufacturers of the full-scale (1:1) chair - Franz Wittmann, Austria.

Included in Vitra’s original Miniatures Collection in 1992; it was 3rd miniature to be included in the Collection. The Sitzmaschine can be found on in the 1900-1918 section

No. 371 from the Miniatures Collection circa 1995-1996
Miniature Hoffmann no. 371 side chair
miniature Hoffmann no. 371 side chair

The Austrian designer Josef Hoffmann founded the Vienna Secession, which rejected the styles of the past and the ornamental details based on nature that typified the Viennese Jugend style. Hoffmann, in contrast, sought inspiration in abstract geometrical forms, and these became the starting point for all his designs. He put these ideas into practice with cube-shape or elongated rectilinear pieces of furniture that were put on show in several Secessionist exhibitions. Many of his works, such as the 371 chair, incorporate small spheres that break up their straight lines.

miniature Hoffmann no. 371 side chair

The no. 371 side chair, affectionately known as the "Seven-Balls" chair, remains one of the great enigmas of 20th-century design. The chair has never been specifically documented in a publication or photograph of the period. Frequently thought to be a variation of Hoffmann's "Purkersdorf Sanatorium" chair, it is similar to a settee that appeared in a 1909 J. & J. Kohn sales catalogue.

No. 371 chairs & settee from 1909 J&J Kohn catalogue
The full-sized version of the 371 side chair was designed circa 1906 and manufactured by Jacob & Josef Kohn, Vienna, Austria; the seat back consists of two tall arches separated by seven balls; materialsinclude stained bent and laminated wood.

Added to the Miniatures Collection in 1994, it was the 29th miniature to be added to the Collection. Retired in late 2010; presently it is an endangered species.
Original Vitra article number 2151; from 2002: 20 2151 01

Dimensions: L/H/W:
So, mehr mag i nedd reinwursteln

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